Platelet Rich Plasma therapy:
PRP therapy focuses upon encouraging body’s natural recovering process. So how does it do that? This technique focuses upon a component of blood called platelets.So, what are platelets and what do they do? Platelets secrets growth factors and other proteins that regulate cell metabolism, Cell division, tissue regeneration and promote healing. Platelets are the component of the blood that helps in clotting in case of injury.
How does the technique of PRP works?
First, blood is drawn from the patient, it is centrifuged to separate the platelets and growth factors. The resulting plasma has five to ten times as many platelets as ordinary blood. The enriched plasma is now mixed with the remaining blood and injected into the patient. By producing plasma extra rich in platelets, remixing it with the remaining blood and reintroducing it into the body, healing is accelerated.
How are PRP injections administered?
First, the part of body which is the source of pain or is unable to heal properly is identified. The platelet-rich portion is collected from the blood of the patient and is injected back into the injured tendon, ligament, muscle, joint, or disc.
When structures around the spine are being injected, x-ray (i.e. fluoroscopy) guidance is used to assure safe and proper placement of PRP at the affected site. In the extremities, ultrasound-guidance is commonly used to inject PRP into the appropriate tendon, ligament or joint that is being targeted. Generally, PRP injections are not painful; however, it could vary depending upon the part of the body being treated.
What are the conditions on which PRP could be used?
PRP is used to treat a number of common injuries that occur during various events of accidents, including chronic tendon injuries, acute ligament and muscle injuries, fractures, and slow down the progression of osteoarthritis1 of the knee. It is also used to promote postsurgical healing. Other conditions healed by PRP therapy are, Lumbar spine disc pain, Shoulder pain and instability, Tennis and golfer’s elbow, Hamstring and hip strains, Patellofemoral syndrome and patellar tendonitis, Ankle sprains, Achilles tendonitis & plantar fasciitis, Knee, hip, and other joint osteoarthritis, Nerve entrapment syndromes, such as Carpal Tunnel Syndrome, Sacroiliac (SI) joint dysfunction and pain, Lumbar and cervical facet dysfunction and pain.
What are the risk factors involved?
Overall, PRP has minimum risk of allergic reaction because it is the patient’s own blood. However, anytime a needle is placed in the body, there is a risk of infection or minute bleeding. These risks are very rare though. Other risks depend upon the area being treated. For individual specific conditions or medical history communicate it to the physician.